This is the first report on the relationship between clustered lifestyle, not a single aspect of lifestyle, and cardio-renal-metabolic parameters in patients with T2DM. Using factor analysis, lifestyle patterns in real daily life can be classified into three factors; morningness-eveningness, sleep quality and depressive state (type 1 pattern), consumption of food, alcohol and cigarettes (type 2 pattern), and physical activity (type 3 pattern). Interestingly, each lifestyle is associated with distinct cardio-renal -metabolic parameters.
Subjects with a higher score of type 1 pattern characterized by evening type, poor sleep quality and depressive status showed poor glycemic control and higher ALT and UAE levels in this study. It may be reasonable that these characteristics correlated well with each other because previous reports showed a tendency for such association …..